A lexicon is also known as an encyclopedia reference book in the entries on various topics usually arranged alphabetically. Few are as well as language dictionaries dictionaries, the plural of the word lexicon means. The word lexicon is derived from the Greek lexis word with the meaning "word". There are both general dictionaries, the entries contain all sorts of topics, such as the Brockhaus Encyclopedia or Conversation Meyers Encyclopaedia as well as subject specific dictionaries, for example, the lexicon of world literature or the dictionary of Egyptian gods and gods names. The common element is that they are not organized alphabetically but in substance as opposed to manuals, monographs or textbooks, and do not consist of continuous prose but of individual articles. Traditional encyclopedias are printed in books, usually in many volumes. Pauly Realencyclopädie of classical archeology, a Glossary of antiquity, for example, has 81 volumes. Recently published many dictionaries in electronic form. Many lexicons, which once appeared in book form, now have electronic versions. These are either available on the Internet or they will be burned to CD-ROMs and so published. Recently, there are also pure Internet dictionaries. The best known is Wikipedia in this division. This encyclopedia is written not as traditional encyclopedias by experts in the particular field, but any user can create new articles or improve existing entries, modify or expand. Meanwhile, there are free-spending in more than 250 different languages. But the English-language Wikipedia consists of more than 3 million entries, the German editions gathered more than 1 million entries and a whole if all languages are added together, there are more than 10 million items. However, the content is often criticized Wikipedia's reliability. Since everyone can contribute there, the accuracy of the information is not in contrast to traditional encyclopaedias guaranteed by experts.
The first dictionary was created in the first century AD. The Naturalis historia, which the Roman Pliny the Elder published in 37 volumes gathered, information from all areas of the former science but also from art history. 500 authors have cooperated in the work. In contrast to most modern encyclopedias however, it was not broken down alphabetically but in substance. In 1660, the concept lexicon was first applied to a German factory. In the same year appeared Gotthilff Faithful ... German Daedalus Begreiffendt a fully außgefuhrtes poetic words and Lexicon book, the first German dictionary of all time. The Encyclopedists of the 18 Century, wrote and published the first modern universal encyclopedias. The best-known work from this period is the French Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers (Encyclopedia or an elaborate dictionary of the sciences, the arts and crafts), by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert was published and written by a total of 140 employees. Today's most popular German dictionaries hot Meyers Lexikon, Brockhaus Encyclopedia and Microsoft Encarta.
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