The different facets of the literature
Every spirit-historical epoch of a country or also a specific culture is characterized through his literature. It is in this case to distinguish necessary between literature fiktionaler and not fiktionaler. A book for the historiography becomes like this than fiktional not classified since it is based on the standards of real life with which a novel that figures and actions are free invented must be counted to the fiktionalen literature. Such classification in categories appearances are natural flowing and not static, since it can very presumably result in hybrid forms. The concept of the histographischen metafiction describes this hybrid form near which one does often not know to which end of the spectrum of the literature one is supposed to assign it.
In our present time the concept is used ‘literature’ mostly for the most popular form of the written story, the novel. In this case high literature speaks if one thinks e.g. of a German culture legacy as Goethe's fist, and of trivial literature if one mentions the unpretentious groschen novels and trash novels at the kiosk. Literature works with linguistic codes, with the word as an expression medium, that in the head of the reader an own imaginierte world makes arise. Through the history always different roles were attributed to the literature: In the Middle Ages the reading was a privilege, which only priests could be useful and thus the majority of the population was excluded by the reader of religious or metaphysical writings. Today it is so that literature is used for the conversation and the dispersion mostly when one let e.g. a Fantasy novel. In the academic fields how the literature is consulted to the university in the form of compartment-scientific literature in order to learn the affecting examination material, or in order to get used to different topics.
Of course also thing books appertain to the literature, and greater best sellers than novels are in this case mostly still. Because the present reader does not search only for diversion in the form of written words (unlike the shimmering pictures of the television set), but it is also at that endeavored to keep on forming his horizon and to get used to the most different topic complexes. Mostly such literature has, however, only popular-scientific character then, unlike academic publications. That is complex phenomena as becomes e.g. the mode of operation of the brain in language easily understandable mostly described by confusing technical terms without the use. A literature student deals indeed also with the entertaining literature in the form of novels, however, a scientific mode that examines the affecting text to e.g. style means or enlarged question formulations as e.g. the role of the woman in the Victorian-style England is used during the reading. In this way the reading is released from the fun by literature for the pure pastime, and a scientific reading mode appears, that every fineness of the book, except the smallest dissects. Delighted never yet in the time history the contemporary literature market of a so vehement publication joy. Almost everyone that means to have to say a little, a book would like to write, the one thousandth murderer history in that one a detective must liquidate the unclear murder, in different variations. Once the detective is homosexual, once a woman and once detective and murderer are a person and the whole history happens in the schizophrenic head of the psychopath. The originality seems in this case to suffer, however, this is again a state of affairs that might strike only a literature student.
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